How to Hire Java Developers? 10 Must-Know Factors to Consider

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Publish date:

May 19, 2023

Updated on:

June 13, 2024

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How to Hire Java Developers? 10 Must-Know Factors to Consider


Java remains a stalwart presence in the ever-evolving world. As a versatile, object-oriented programming language, it is integral to a variety of digital applications, from web services to Android apps, enterprise systems to Internet of Things (IoT) solutions. Its robustness, security, and cross-platform compatibility make it an invaluable tool for businesses across industries such as IoT and gaming development.

A study shows Java is used by 4.7% of all the websites whose server-side programming language they know.

However, leveraging these benefits relies on the right talent on board - a proficient Java developer. This article will explore navigating the hiring process, highlighting ten key factors to consider before you hire Java developers.

Why You Must Hire Java Developers

The caliber of your developer often directly impacts the quality of the software product you create.For instance, consider a company like Amazon, which relies heavily on Java for the development of its vast, complex digital infrastructure. A proficient Java developer can build robust and efficient systems, ensuring that the online platform remains reliable and user-friendly even under high traffic loads.

Moreover, a capable Java developer can architect your software in a way that allows for easy maintenance and scalability. Think about a startup that rapidly gains popularity. With a well-designed software system, it becomes simpler to accommodate growing user bases or introduce new features, thereby supporting the company's expansion.

Hire Java developers to safeguard your system against security threats. They know the best practices for writing secure code, and they can design your software to resist common vulnerabilities. A secure system can save your business from potential breaches, preserving your reputation and customer trust.

In these ways, a qualified Java developer becomes an invaluable asset to your organization, contributing significantly to your technological capability, business growth, and overall security.

Understanding the Basics of Java

Java is a high-level, object-oriented programming language, widely used in software development due to its versatility, reliability, and platform independence. Its 'Write Once, Run Anywhere' principle ensures that Java applications can run on any device that has a Java Runtime Environment (JRE), making it a top choice for multi-platform software development.

To navigate the intricacies of Java, hire Java developers who possess the following fundamental skills and knowledge:

  • Core Java Concepts: Understanding the basics like syntax, keywords, and control structures is vital. Proficiency in object-oriented programming (OOP) concepts such as inheritance, encapsulation, polymorphism, and abstraction is also essential.
  • Java Libraries and Frameworks: Familiarity with libraries like Apache Commons and JUnit, and frameworks such as Spring and Hibernate, can greatly enhance productivity and code quality.
  • Database Connectivity: Knowledge of Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) and tools like SQL and ORM is necessary for interacting with databases.
  • Concurrency and Multithreading: These are crucial for developing efficient and responsive applications, particularly in high-load environments.
  • Security Practices: Understanding Java's security features and best practices is key to building secure applications.
  • Web Technologies: A grounding in web technologies like HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and Servlets is often required, especially for web development roles.

10 Factors to Consider Before You Hire Java Developers

Hiring a Java developer, like hiring for any other technical position, requires careful consideration of various factors. Here are some of the key aspects to consider:

Four people sitting on a chair are showing factors to consider before you hire Java developers

1. Understanding of Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) Principles

A deep understanding of OOP principles is crucial for any Java developer. This includes concepts such as encapsulation, inheritance, polymorphism, and abstraction. These principles guide the design of software systems, influencing their modularity, reusability, and maintainability.

A coding test or technical interview can be used to assess a candidate's proficiency in these areas. Check out Java developer hiring trends in our article to stay updated.

2. Problem-Solving Abilities

Writing code is essentially solving problems, so strong problem-solving skills are a must. Hire Java developers who are able to break down complex issues into manageable parts, devise solutions, and then translate those solutions into code.

Coding challenges or whiteboard exercises during the interview process can provide insight into a candidate's problem-solving approach and ability.

3. Technical Skill Set and Experience

Evaluate a candidate's familiarity with Java basics, advanced concepts, libraries, and tools. Experience with different types of software projects, such as web development or IoT, can indicate versatility.

Hire Java developers who have an understanding of data structures, algorithms, and design patterns, as these can greatly impact the efficiency and scalability of the code they write.

4. Prior Projects and Portfolio

A developer's past projects can provide concrete examples of their skills and experience. Ask for a portfolio or GitHub profile to review their work. Look for clean, efficient code and evidence of their role in each project.

Remember, it's not just about the number of projects but also the complexity, relevance to your needs, and the impact of the developer's contributions.

5. Passion for Continuous Learning

The tech world is ever-evolving, and developers need to stay updated with the latest tools, languages, and best practices. Look for signs of continuous learning, such as participation in coding bootcamps, online courses, or open-source projects. A developer with a passion for learning can help keep your team innovative and adaptive.

6. Familiarity with Software Development Methodologies

Understanding methodologies like Agile, Scrum, or Waterfall is important for smoothly integrating into a development team. These methodologies guide how a project is planned, executed, and managed, affecting the pace and quality of work.

7. Team Player and Collaboration Skills

Software development is often a team effort, requiring developers to collaborate closely with others. A developer's ability to work effectively in a team, share knowledge, and accept feedback can greatly influence the team's overall productivity and the quality of the end product. Try to gauge these skills through references, behavioral interview questions, or group exercises. If you’re planning to hire a remote team, read our guide on “ How to Work With Remote Java Developers.

8. Proficiency in Frameworks

Hire Java developers who have knowledge of popular Java frameworks like Spring, Hibernate, or Struts can significantly speed up development and improve code quality.

Depending on your project, you might also look for experience with specific tools such as Apache Maven for project management or JUnit for testing.

According to a study, 75% of Java developers use unit tests in their projects. JUnit (83%) and Mockito (43%) are still the most popular solutions.

Be sure to consider the specific needs of your project when evaluating a candidate's proficiency with these frameworks and tools.

9. Communication Skills

Effective communication is vital for understanding project requirements, collaborating with team members, and explaining technical concepts to non-technical stakeholders. Look for clear, concise communication in a candidate's cover letter, resume, and during the interview. Hire Java developers who are not just technically proficient, but also effective communicators.

10. Cultural Fit and Alignment with Company Values

Hire Java developers who fit well with your company's culture and values. This can influence their job satisfaction, productivity, and overall contribution to the team.

For instance, if innovation and continuous improvement are part of your company's core values, a developer who shows a strong passion for learning and adapting to new technologies would be a great fit.

Make sure to discuss your company's mission and values during the interview and assess whether the candidate's professional and personal goals align with them.

How to Evaluate These Factors?

Two people are sitting at a table and discussing about evaluating factors to hire java developers

Evaluating qualifications to hire Java developers involves a multi-step process. Initial screening can be based on resumes and cover letters, which provide insight into a candidate's experience, skills, and educational background. Check out the best practices and job description template in our article to hire Java developers.

Technical interviews or coding tests can be conducted to assess their understanding of Java and related technologies. Problem-solving exercises or whiteboard sessions can give a glimpse into their thought process and problem-solving abilities.

For soft skills like communication and teamwork, behavioral interviews and group exercises can be useful. Last but not least, reference checks and portfolio reviews can offer a comprehensive view of their past performance, while cultural fit can be assessed through discussions about company values and work style during the interview.

Final Thoughts

It is a multi-faceted process to hire Java developers that involves careful evaluation of technical abilities, soft skills, and cultural fit. By considering factors such as technical expertise, understanding of OOP principles, problem-solving abilities, communication skills, and alignment with company values, you can enhance your chances of finding the right candidate.

A thoughtful hiring decision today can lead to long-term benefits for your software projects and your organization as a whole. That’s why Pangea is here to help you find the right fit for your business. Just tell us your requirements and we will connect you with the perfect fit.


Q1. How do I hire a good Java developer?

Steps to hire a good Java developer:

  1. Identify your needs: Before you start the hiring process, you need to identify your needs. What kind of project will the developer be working on? Does it require a basic or advanced understanding of Java? Are there any specific Java frameworks or tools that they need to be familiar with?
  2. Job Posting: Once you've identified your needs, you can create a job posting. This should include a description of the role, the skills and experience required, and any specific technologies or frameworks the developer should be familiar with.
  3. Screening and Interviewing: When you start receiving applications, you'll need to screen them to identify the most qualified candidates. This might involve reviewing their resumes, looking at their portfolio or GitHub profile, or giving them a coding test. During the interview process, ask about their previous work experience, how they solve problems, and how they stay updated with new Java developments for Mac and other environments.
  4. Technical Test: A practical coding test is crucial in the hiring process. This will help you understand their problem-solving skills, coding style, and familiarity with Java.
  5. Check References: Once you've narrowed down the candidates, consider checking references. This can give you insight into the candidate's work ethic, reliability, and ability to work in a team.

Q2. How much does Java developer cost per hour?

In the United States, a Java developer might charge anywhere from $60 to over $100 per hour. In Eastern Europe, the rate could be between $20 and $50 per hour, and in Asia, it could be even lower, around $15 to $30 per hour. According to, the average salary of a Sr. Java Developer in the United States is $117,167. The cost of hiring a Java developer can vary widely depending on the developer's location, experience, and expertise.

Q3. How do I find a Java developer?

Here’s how to find a Java developer:

  1. Job Posting Sites: Websites like Indeed, Glassdoor, and LinkedIn are great places to post a job listing for a Java developer.
  2. Platforms: Websites like Upwork, Freelancer, Pangea, and Toptal connect employers with freelance Java developers.
  3. Recruitment Agencies: These can help you find qualified candidates quickly, but they usually charge a fee.
  4. Networking: Attend industry events or use your professional network to find potential candidates.
  5. Social Media: Platforms like LinkedIn and Twitter can be useful for reaching out to potential candidates directly.
  6. Open Source Communities: Developers often contribute to open source projects, and these communities can be a great place to find talented Java developers. Check out GitHub and similar platforms.


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Sakshi Sureka

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